Basic Life Of Marijuana Seeds
One of the first decisions that needs consideration when growing Marijuana seeds is deciding if you are going to grow. There is more than one way to grow Cannabis seeds but it certainly can be kept simple and effective.
Although indoor and outdoor growing requires different skills and techniques, both need the Marijuana seeds to be successfully germinated. There are many methods for germinating Marijuana seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the seeds directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A glass or plastic bottle turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After three-four days the Marijuana seeds should have germinated and sprouted, although certain seeds and strains require slightly longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Marijuana seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. Then keep the paper towels or sponge moist until you see the main tap root appear. It is possible for seeds to be ready for planting within 24 hours while others may take as long as a week. Once the seeds have germinated, they will need to be planted into the soil. It is important that you plant the seeds as soon as you have seen the seed cracking open to allow the tiny sprout to emerge. Do not allow the soil to dry out during these vital first few days, and make sure it is covered on the top.
New Marijuana seedlings require as much light as possible once they begin to grow. The lights should be as close as possible to the top of the pots, and should be kept about two inches from the tops of the plants to encourage good, strong growth. Many growers give the baby marijuana plants light for twenty-four hours a day to gain maximum growth, but this part is up to you.
After the marijuana seedling has produced roots and developed its initial leaves, growth will happen rapidly as the plant begins to produce leaves and branches. This phase of fast growth is known as the vegetative period, and is very important in creating a large number of budding sites The stem will be getting thicker and stronger, and it will be producing new leaves very quickly, almost daily. This vegetative stage is vital for your plant being able to receive as much sunlight as possible as through photosynthesis the plant uses sunlight to create energy, and this will be needed in the flowering period later needing all the energy it had acquired. A bigger plant creates a greater quantity of buds, so take the vegetative stage seriously.
Although most of the cannabis plants growth occurs in it’s vegetative phase, it still grows while flowering. If you are growing a plant for personal consumption, a vegetative time of approximately 4 weeks would be sufficient. Some people even go as short as two to three weeks of the vegetative phase and still get a reasonably good amount of buds at harvest.
Some growers (especially the more experienced ones) employ super-cropping techniques to improve growth and promote closer branching, this substantially increases the amount of growth without growing too huge for the growing area that they have.
If you are planting cannabis seeds indoors, you are responsible for everything. Selecting the best growing medium, how much to water and the Ph levels, which nutrients the plants require, and even the “sun” all provided by you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will need to adjust the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours — in fact, it’s actually the number of dark hours they receive that activates their transition to the flowering phase..
The flowering stage is activated by reducing the exposure of the cannabis plant to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, more importantly, 12 hours of continuous darkness. Make sure the darkness is total and allows no light to penetrate, as this will cause the plant to hermaphrodite or produce rogue male flowers in the later flowering stage. Also the 12 light hours the cannabis plants does receive is as strong as possible to maximize growth.
The main advantage of growing marijuana plants in pots is they can be easily moved around whenever you want to. In this case, before you start triggering the plant to enter the flowering stage you should move it to some sort of enclosed location, such as a closet or cabinet. There, install the artificial lights you have selected so the plants receive 12 hours of lighting and 12 hours of darkness without an interruptions. Many seasoned cannabis growers use a timer to precisely control the lighting, this makes sure the the plants receive the same amount of light at the same time every day.
Remember, make sure the 12 hours of darkness are completely uninterrupted. If any light that gets into the growing area such as opening the door during the darkness hours, even for a moment, the plants will begin to get confused leading to them becoming stressed. This stress may cause all sorts of problems, not least of which would be it turning into a hermaphrodite, or you may reduce the buds to a lower quality and lesser harvest as they mature. The flowering phase usually lasts approximately eight to ten weeks, and it will remain in this phase until mature and ready to harvest.