Understanding Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis seeds can be grown both inside and outdoors. Indoor growing requires specialist lighting and intake and extractions fans to provide fresh air, growing Marijuana or Cannabis outdoors does not require this equipment and is therefore a lot cheaper
Although indoor and outdoor growing requires different skills and techniques, both need the Cannabis seeds to be successfully germinated. There are several methods for germinating Marijuana seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the Cannabis seeds directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A cut plastic bottle or glass jar turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After a few days the seed will have germinated and sprouted, although some seeds and strains require a day or two longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Cannabis seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. Then keep the paper towels or sponge moist after two-three days you should see the seeds sprouting. They could sprout within 24 hours others might need as long as seven days. Once the seeds have germinated, you should plant it into the soil. It is important that you plant the seeds as soon as you have seen the seed cracking open to allow the tap root to take hold. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Marijuana seedlings require plenty of light once they begin to grow. For indoor growers, fluorescent lights should be as close as possible to the soil, and should not be moved upwards until the seedling has grown a decent amount. Many growers allow the young seedlings light for twenty-four hours a day to attain maximum growth, but this part is up to you.
The “middle” stage of your cannabis plants life is called the vegetative stage, when it will produce most of its leaves, branches, and height. The main stem will become stronger and thicker, and it should be producing new leaves very quickly, almost daily. This vegetative stage is vital for your plant being able to absorb as much energy from the sun as possible as through photosynthesis the plant uses sunlight to create energy, and therefore will be needed in the flowering stage later needing all the energy it had acquired. A larger plant creates a greater quantity of buds, so you should take the vegetative stage seriously.
Even though the majority of the cannabis plants growth happens in the vegetative stages, the plant will stretch during flowering. If you just want a small plant for personal consumption, a vegetative time of approximately 4 weeks would be required. Sea of Green growing techniques often require just two to three weeks of the vegetative phase and still get a reasonably good amount of buds at harvest.
Some Cannabis seed growers (especially experienced ones) use training methods to increase lateral branching and growth, this substantially increases the amount of growth without growing too huge for the indoor space that they have.
If you are planting marijuana seeds indoors, you are responsible for everything. Selecting the best growing medium, the water, the nutrients, and even the “sun” all come from you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will need to change the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours — in fact, it’s actually the amount of hours of darkness which starts the commencement of the flowering phase.
To activate the flowering stage, once the plant has had time to develop and grow, you will need to expose it to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, twelve hours of uninterrupted darkness. During this stage it is important that the darkness is complete and allows no light to penetrate, as this may cause the plant to hermaphrodite or produce rogue male flowers in the later flowering stage. During this time it is also important that the 12 light hours your plant does receive should be as strong as possible to maximize the bud sizes.
The main advantage of growing indoor potted marijuana plants is that you can move them to wherever you want it, whenever you need to. To achieve the plants maximum flowering potential, it must have twelve hours of total darkness, many people move their plants to an enclosed indoor space, such as a closet or cabinet. If you are going to keep them in there. set up your lighting so that you are able to expose the plant to its 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness perfectly. Using a timer to control the lighting is probably your best option because it leaves out any room for mistakes..
Total and complete darkness is essential in the flowering stage. Should any light get into the growing area (i.e. if you accidentally open the door during the 12 hours of darkness), even for a moment, the plants may begin to get stressed and confused about the seasons. This stress can cause all sorts of problems, not least of which is the plant developing into a hermaphrodite, or else it may simply reduce the buds to a lower quality and lesser harvest at the end. The flowering stage usually lasts between 8 -10 weeks, and it will remain in this phase until mature and ready to harvest.