Understanding Cannabis Seeds
Marijuana seeds can be grown both outdoors and inside. Indoor growing needs the purchase of equipment, such as lights as well as intake and extractions fans to provide fresh air, while outdoor grows need very investment
Although indoor and outdoor growing requires different skills and techniques, both need the Cannabis seeds to be successfully germinated. There are a number of methods for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the Cannabis seeds directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A cut plastic bottle or glass jar turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After three-four days the seed will have germinated and sprouted, although some strains and seeds require a day or two longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Marijuana seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. It is important to keep the paper towels or kitchen roll moist, never allowing it to dry out until you see the seeds sprouting. It is possible for seeds to be ready for planting in as little as 24 hours while others may take as long as a week. After germinating the seeds this way, they will need to be planted into the soil. It is important that you plant the seeds as soon as it starts cracking open to allow the tiny sprout to emerge. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Marijuana seedlings require as much light as possible once they begin to grow. For indoor growers, fluorescent lights should be as close as possible to the top of the pots, and should not be moved upwards until the seedling has grown a decent amount. Many people give the baby cannabis plants light for twenty-four hours a day to gain maximum growth, but this part is up to you.
The second stage of your marijuana plants life is called the vegetative stage, when it will produce most of its leaves, branches, and height. The stem will become thicker and stronger, and the plant will be producing new leaves very quickly, almost daily. This vegetative phase is vital for your plant being able to absorb as much energy from the sun as possible (as the leaves absorb this energy), and therefore will be needed in the flowering period later needing all the energy it has stored up during this stage. A bigger cannabis plant produces more buds, which can only be achieved through good vegetative growth.
Even though the majority of the cannabis plants growth happens in it’s vegetative stages, the plant will stretch while flowering. If you just want a small plant for personal consumption, then approximately thirty days of vegetative growth should do the trick. It is possible to minimize the vegetative time to as short as two weeks and still achieve good growth, it often depends on the type of marijuana seeds you planted and the conditions they are grown under.
Often Marijuana seed growers (especially experienced ones) use super-cropping techniques to get their plants to grow outwards rather than upwards, this substantially increases the amount of growth without the plant becoming too big for the indoor area that they have.
If you are planting cannabis seeds indoors, you will have to provide for all the plant’s needs. The soil, how much to water and the Ph levels, which nutrients the plants require, and most important, the artificial light all provided by you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will have to change the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours — in fact, it’s actually the number of hours of darkness that begins their transition to the flowering phase..
The flowering phase is activated by reducing the exposure of the marijuana plant to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, more importantly, 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness. Make sure the darkness is complete and allows no light to penetrate, as this may cause the plant to stop entering the flowering stage. During this time it is also important that the 12 hours of light your cannabis plants gets should be as strong as possible to maximize the bud sizes.
The beauty of growing indoor potted marijuana plants is they can be easily moved around whenever you want to. To achieve the plants maximum flowering potential, it must have twelve hours of total darkness, many people move their plants to an enclosed indoor space, such as a cupboard or small room. If you are going to keep them in there. set up your artificial lights you have selected so that you are able to expose the plant to its 12 hours of lighting and 12 hours of darkness without an interruptions. Using a timer to control the lighting is the preferred choice as it removes any room for error..
Remember, make sure the twelve hours of darkness are completely uninterrupted. If any light that gets into the enclosure (i.e. if you accidentally open the door during the 12 hours of darkness), even for just a moment, your plant will begin to get stressed and confused about the seasons. This stress may produce a range of problems, not least of which would be it turning into a hermaphrodite, producing both male and female flowers, or you may have a lower quality and lesser harvest at the end. The flowering stage takes between eight to ten weeks, and it will remain in this phase until mature and ready to harvest.