Understanding Cannabis Seeds
Marijuana seeds can be grown both inside and outdoors. Indoor growing needs the purchase of equipment, such as lights and some form of air circulation to be set-up before growing, while outdoor grows need very investment
Whether you are growing inside or outdoors, the first thing you will need to do is to germinate the Marijuana seeds that you wish to grow. There are a number of ways for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the Cannabis seeds directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A cut plastic bottle or glass jar turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After three-four days the seed should have sprouted, although some strains and seeds need a day or two longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Cannabis seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. It is important to keep the paper towels or kitchen roll moist, never allowing it to dry out after two-three days you should see the main tap root appear. They could sprout as quickly as 24 hours others might need up to a week. Once the seeds have germinated, you should plant it into the soil or container you are housing them in. This should be done as soon as it begins cracking open to allow the tap root to take hold. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Marijuana seedlings require as much light as possible once they begin to grow. The lights should be only about two inches away from the top of the pots, and should be kept about two inches from the tops of the plants to encourage good, strong growth. Many people provide their baby marijuana plants light for twenty-four hours a day to attain maximum growth, while others grow under eighteen or twenty hours per day, believing the young seedling requires a rest period.
After the seedling has produced roots and developed its initial leaves, growth will happen rapidly as the plant begins to produce leaves and branches. This phase of fast growth is called the vegetative period, and is very important in creating a large number of budding sites The stem will be getting stronger and thicker, and it will be growing many new leaves at an increasingly fast rate. This vegetative stage is crucial in allowing the plant to get as much energy from the sun as possible as through photosynthesis the plant uses sunlight to create energy, and this will contribute to a healthy flowering phase later needing all the energy it has stored up during this stage. A larger cannabis plant means more buds, so you should take the vegetative stage seriously.
That being said, the plant can only be grown to use as much space as the growing area allows. If you just want a small plant for personal consumption, a vegetative phase of about 4 weeks would be sufficient. It is possible to minimize the vegetative phase to as short as two weeks and still achieve good growth, it often depends on which type of cannabis seeds you are growing and the environment they are grown under.
Some growers (especially experienced gardeners) use super-cropping methods to get their plants to grow outwards instead of vertical, thus maximizing the amount of growth without the plant becoming too big for the indoor space that they have.
With indoor marijuana seeds, you will have to provide for all the plant’s needs. Selecting the best growing medium, the Ph levels and when to water, the nutrients, and most important, the artificial light all come from you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will have to change the number of hours of light that your plant is exposed to it is the increase in the number of hours of darkness that activates the commencement of the flowering stages.
To trigger the flowering phase, which should be done after your plant has had ample amount of time to develop and grow, you will need to expose it to twelve hours of sunlight or artificial light when grown indoors and, more importantly, 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness. Make sure the darkness is complete and allows no light to penetrate, as this may cause the plant to hermaphrodite or produce rogue male flowers in the later flowering stage. Additionally, the Twelve hours of light your cannabis plants does receive is as strong as possible to maximize growth.
The beauty of growing indoor potted cannabis plants is that you can move them to wherever you want it, whenever you need to. To achieve the plants maximum flowering potential, it must have twelve hours of total darkness, many people move their plants to an enclosed indoor space, such as a closet or cabinet. If you are going to keep them in there. set up your artificial lights you have selected so the plants receive 12 hours of lighting and 12 hours of darkness without an interruptions. Many experienced growers use a timer to control the time the lights come on, this makes sure the lights turn on and off at the same time every day.
Ensure that the 12 hours of darkness are total and entirely uninterrupted. If there is any light that gets into the growing area such as opening the door during the darkness hours, even for just a moment, your plant may begin to get stressed and confused about the seasons. Stress in marijuana plants may cause all sorts of problems, not least of which is the plant developing into a hermaphrodite, or else it may simply have a lower quality and lesser quantity harvest at the end. The flowering phase lasts between 56 to 70 days, and once completed it is time to cut and harvest your marijuana plants.