Understanding Marijuana Seeds
If you are considering growing Marijuana seeds, you need deciding whether you are going to plant the Cannabis seeds outdoors or inside using artificial lighting. There is more than one way to grow Marijuana seeds with some methods proving more costly than others.
Whether you are growing inside or outdoors, the first thing you will need to do is to germinate the Cannabis seeds that you wish to grow. There are several methods for germinating Marijuana seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the Marijuana seed directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A cut plastic bottle or glass jar turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After three-four days the seed will have sprouted, although certain seeds and strains need slightly longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Cannabis seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. Then keep the paper towels or sponge moist until you see the seeds sprouting. They could sprout within 24 hours while others may take up to seven days. After germinating the seeds this way, they will need to be planted into the soil or container you are housing them in. It is important that you plant the seeds as soon as you have seen the seed cracking open to allow the tiny sprout to emerge. Do not allow the soil to dry out during these vital first few days, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Marijuana seedlings require plenty of light once they are planted in the soil. The lights should be as close as possible to the soil, and should be kept about two inches from the tops of the plants to encourage good, strong growth. Often cannabis gardeners give their young seedlings with 24/7 light to attain maximum growth, but this part is up to you.
After the marijuana seedling has produced roots and developed its first few sets of leaves, it will begin to rapidly grow and produce leaves and branches. This fast development is known as the vegetative period, and is very important in achieving a good crop Its stem will become thicker and stronger, and it will be growing many new leaves very quickly, almost daily. The vegetative phase is very important for your plant being able to obtain as much energy from the sun as possible (as the leaves absorb this energy), and this will contribute to a healthy flowering stage later needing all the energy it had acquired. A larger cannabis plant means a greater quantity of buds, so you should take the vegetative stage seriously.
That being said, the plant can only be grown to use the space as you have in your home. If you are growing a plant for personal use of marijuana, then approximately thirty days of the vegetative phase should do the trick. Some people even go as short as two to three weeks of the vegetative phase and still get everything they need from their plant.
The more experienced Cannabis growers employ training methods to get their plants to grow outwards rather than upwards, this substantially increases the amount of growth without growing too huge for the growing area that they have.
If you are planting marijuana seeds indoors, you are responsible for everything. The soil, the Ph levels and when to water, the nutrients, and even the “sun” all come from you. The quality and number of hours of light that Cannabis seeds receive is vital when growing plants as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will need to change the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours it is the increase in the amount of hours of darkness that activates their progression from vegetative to the flowering phase..
The flowering stage starts by reducing the exposure of the marijuana plant to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, 12 hours of continuous darkness. During this stage it is important that the darkness is total and does not have even one instant of light, as this may cause the plant to stop entering the flowering phase. Additionally, the 12 hours of light the plant gets is as strong as possible to maximize the bud sizes.
The main advantage of growing marijuana plants in pots is that you can move them to wherever you want it, whenever you need to. To achieve the plants maximum flowering potential, it must have twelve hours of total darkness, many people move their plants to an enclosed indoor area, such as a cupboard or cabinet. There, install the artificial lights you have selected so the plants receive 12 hours of lighting and 12 hours of darkness without an interruptions. Using an outlet timer is the preferred option because it leaves out any room for error..
Complete and total darkness is essential during the flowering phase. If there is any light that gets into the enclosure such as opening the door during the darkness hours, even for just a moment, the plants may begin to get stressed and confused about the seasons. This stress can cause all sorts of problems, not least of which is the plant developing into a hermaphrodite, producing both male and female flowers, or else it may simply reduce the buds to a lower quality and lesser harvest at the end. The flowering stage lasts between 56 to 70 days, and once completed it is time to cut and harvest your marijuana plants.