The Foundations Of Growing Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis seeds can be grown both inside and outdoors. Indoor growing requires specialist lighting and intake and extractions fans to provide fresh air, while outdoor grows need very investment
Whether you are growing inside or outdoors, the first thing you will need to do is to germinate the Marijuana seeds that you wish to grow. There are several ways for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the seeds directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A cut plastic bottle or glass jar turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After three-four days the seed will have germinated and sprouted, although some strains and seeds need a day or two longer.
A favoured way to germinate Marijuana seeds is to soak the seeds inside a few pieces of kitchen or toilet roll paper. You can also use a damp sponge for this. It is important to keep the paper towels or kitchen roll moist, never allowing it to dry out until you see the seeds sprouting. It is possible for seeds to be ready for planting in as little as 24 hours others might need as long as seven days. After germinating the seeds this way, they will need to be planted into the soil. This should be done as soon as it begins cracking open to allow the tap root to take hold. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Cannabis seedlings require plenty of light once they are planted in the soil. For indoor growers, fluorescent lights should be as close as possible to the top of the pots, and should not be moved upwards until the seedling has grown a decent amount. Some cannabis gardeners allow the young seedlings with 24/7 light to attain maximum growth, but this part is up to you.
Once the marijuana seedling has produced roots and developed its first few sets of leaves, it will begin to rapidly grow and produce leaves and branches. This fast development is called the vegetative stage, and is vital in achieving a good crop The main stem will be getting thicker and stronger, and it should be growing many new leaves very quickly, almost daily. The vegetative phase is very important in allowing the plant to get as much energy from the sun as possible (as the leaves absorb this energy), and this will be needed in the flowering period later needing all the energy it had acquired. A larger plant creates more and bigger buds, so you should take the vegetative stage seriously.
That said, you can only grow your cannabis plant to use as much space as you have in your home. If you just want a small plant for personal use of marijuana, then just thirty days of vegetative growth would be about right. It is possible to minimize the vegetative time to as short as two weeks, while still achieve good growth, it often depends on the type of marijuana seeds you planted and the environment they are growing in.
Some growers (especially experienced gardeners) employ super-cropping methods to improve growth and promote closer branching, this substantially increases growth without growing too huge for the indoor area available.
If you are planting cannabis seeds indoors, you will have to provide for all the plant’s needs. The soil, how much to water and the Ph levels, the nutrients, and most important, the artificial light all provided by you. The quality and number of hours of light that Cannabis seeds receive is vital when growing plants as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will have to change the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours — in fact, it’s actually the number of hours of darkness that activates the start of the flowering phase.
The flowering phase is activated by reducing the exposure of the marijuana plant to 12 hours of sunlight or artificial light when grown indoors and, twelve hours of continuous darkness. During this stage it is important that the darkness is total and allows no light to penetrate, as this will cause the plant to stop entering the flowering stage. Also the Twelve hours of light your marijuana plant receives is as strong as possible to maximize growth.
The beauty of growing cannabis plants in pots is they can be easily moved around whenever you want to. In this case, before you start triggering the plant to enter the flowering stage you should move it to some sort of enclosed location, such as a closet or small room. If you are going to keep them in there. install the lighting so that you are able to expose the plant to its 12 hours of lighting and 12 hours of darkness without an interruptions. Using a timer to control the lighting is the preferred option because it leaves out the chance of any mistakes..
Remember, make sure the 12 hours of darkness are total and entirely uninterrupted. Should any light get into the enclosure such as opening the door during the darkness hours, even for just a second, your plant will begin to get stressed and confused about the seasons. Stress in cannabis plants may produce a range of problems, not least of which is the plant turning into a hermaphrodite, or else it may simply have a lower quality and lesser yield at the end. The flowering stage lasts between 56 to 70 days, and once completed it is time to cut and harvest your marijuana plants.