Growing Cannabis Seeds
One of the first decisions that needs consideration when growing Marijuana seeds is to decide whether you are going to grow. There is more than one way to grow Marijuana seeds but it certainly can be kept simple and effective.
Whether you are growing inside or outdoors, the first thing you will need to do is to germinate the Cannabis seeds that you wish to grow. There are a number of ways for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the seed directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A glass or plastic bottle turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After a few days the seed should have germinated and sprouted, although certain seeds and strains need a day or two longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Marijuana seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. Then keep the paper towels or sponge moist until you see the main tap root appear. They could sprout within 24 hours or up to seven days. Once the seeds have germinated, you should plant it into the soil. This should be done as soon as you have seen the seed cracking open to allow the tap root to take hold. Do not allow the soil to dry out during these vital first few days, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
Be sure to give your new plants as much light as possible once they begin to grow. The lights should be as close as possible to the top of the pots, and should be kept about two inches from the tops of the plants to encourage good, strong growth. Some growers provide the young seedlings light for twenty-four hours a day to attain maximum growth, but this part is up to you.
The “middle” stage of the marijuana plants life is called the vegetative stage, when it will produce most of its leaves, branches, and height. Its main stem will become thicker and stronger, and it should be growing many new leaves very quickly, almost daily. This vegetative stage is vital for your plant being able to obtain as much energy from the sun as possible (as the leaves absorb this energy), and therefore will contribute to a healthy flowering phase later needing all the energy it has stored up during this stage. A bigger marijuana plant produces more buds, so take the vegetative stage seriously.
Even though most of the marijuana plants growth occurs during it’s vegetative stages, the plant still grows during flowering. If you are growing a plant for personal consumption, then approximately 30 days of the vegetative phase should do the trick. Using certain growing techniques it is possible to reduce the vegetative phase to as short as two weeks, while still achieve good growth, it often depends on which type of marijuana seeds you are growing and the environment they are growing in.
More experienced growers employ super-cropping methods to promote lateral growth rather than vertical, thus maximizing growth without the plant becoming too big for the indoor area available.
If you are planting marijuana seeds indoors, you will have to provide for all the plant’s needs. The soil, how much to water and the Ph levels, which nutrients the plants require, and even the “sun” all provided by you. The quality and number of hours of light that Marijuana seeds receive is vital when growing plants you will have to adjust the number of hours of light that your plant is exposed to it is the increase in the number of hours of darkness which begins their progression from vegetative to the flowering phase..
The flowering phase starts by reducing the exposure of the cannabis plant to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness. During this stage it is important that the darkness is complete and does not have even one instant of light, as this will cause the plant to stop entering the flowering phase. Additionally, the Twelve hours of light your plant receives should be as strong as possible to maximize growth.
The main advantage of growing marijuana plants in pots is that you can move them to wherever you want it, whenever you need to. To achieve the plants maximum flowering potential, it must have 12 hours of total darkness, many people move their plants to an enclosed indoor area, such as a cupboard or cabinet. There, set up your artificial lights you have selected so that you are able to expose the plant to its 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness perfectly. A lot experienced marijuana growers use a timer to control the lighting, ensuring the lights turn on and off at the same time every day.
Complete and total darkness is essential in the flowering stage. If there is any light that gets into the enclosure (i.e. if you accidentally open the door during the 12 hours of darkness), even for just a moment, your plant may start getting confused leading to them becoming stressed. Stress in marijuana plants may produce a range of problems, one of which would be it turning into a hermaphrodite, or else it may simply reduce the buds to a lower quality and lesser quantity harvest as they mature. The flowering phase usually lasts approximately eight to ten weeks, and once completed it is time to cut and harvest your cannabis plants.