The Foundations Of Growing Marijuana Seeds
If you are considering growing Marijuana seeds, you need to decide whether you want to plant the Marijuana seeds outdoors or inside using artificial lighting. There is more than one way to grow Marijuana seeds but it certainly can be kept simple and effective.
Whether you are growing inside or outdoors, the first thing you will need to do is to germinate the Cannabis seeds that you wish to grow. There are a number of ways for germinating Marijuana seeds, you could put the seed about a quarter inch to a half inch into the soil, covering it completely. The soil should remain moist but never get truly wet, and should stay at a nice, warm 75-degree temperature. All you have to do after that is wait to see the tiny sprout beginning to appear in 3 to 7 days (which can vary according to the strain and a number of other factors).
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Cannabis seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. Then keep the paper towels or sponge moist after two-three days you should see the seeds sprouting. It is possible for seeds to be ready for planting in as little as 24 hours others might need as long as seven days. Once the seeds have germinated, they will need to be planted into the soil or container you are housing them in. This should be done as soon as it starts cracking open to allow the tap root to take hold. Do not allow the soil to dry out during these vital first few days, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Marijuana seedlings require as much light as possible once they are planted in the soil. The lights should be as close as possible to the soil, and should be kept about two inches from the tops of the plants to encourage good, strong growth. Often people provide the baby cannabis plants with 24/7 light to attain maximum growth, while others grow under eighteen or twenty hours per day, believing the young seedling requires a rest period.
Once the seedling has produced roots and developed its first few sets of leaves, growth will happen rapidly as the plant begins to produce leaves and branches. This fast development is known as the vegetative stage, and is vital in creating a large number of budding sites The main stem will become thicker and stronger, and it will be producing new leaves at an increasingly fast rate. This vegetative stage is very important for your plant being able to get as much sunlight as possible as through photosynthesis the plant uses sunlight to create energy, and this will be needed in the flowering stage later using all the energy it had acquired. A bigger cannabis plant produces more buds, which will only be achieved with good vegetative growth.
That said, you can only grow your marijuana plant to use the space as the growing area allows. If you just want a small plant for personal consumption, then approximately thirty days of the vegetative phase should do the trick. It is possible to reduce the vegetative time to as short as two weeks and still achieve a good harvest, this depends on the type of cannabis seeds you planted and the environment they are growing in.
Often growers (especially experienced ones) use super-cropping techniques to increase growth and promote closer branching, thus maximizing growth without the plant becoming too big for the growing area available.
If you are planting marijuana seeds indoors, you are responsible for everything. Selecting the best growing medium, the Ph levels and when to water, which nutrients the plants require, and most important, the artificial light all provided by you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will have to adjust the number of hours of light that your plant is exposed to — in fact, it’s actually the number of hours of darkness that begins the commencement of the flowering stages.
The flowering phase starts by reducing the exposure of the marijuana plant to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, more importantly, 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness. Make sure the darkness is total and does not have even one instant of light, as this will cause the plant to hermaphrodite or produce rogue male flowers in the later flowering phase. Additionally, the Twelve hours of light the cannabis plants does receive is as strong as possible to maximize the bud sizes.
The beauty of growing cannabis plants in pots is they can be easily moved around whenever you want to. In this case, before you start triggering the plant to enter the flowering stage you should move it to some sort of enclosed location, such as a closet or small room. There, set up your lighting so the plants receive 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness perfectly. Using an outlet timer is the preferred choice because it leaves out any room for mistakes..
Ensure that the twelve hours of darkness are total and entirely uninterrupted. If any light that gets into the growing area (i.e. if you accidentally open the door during the 12 hours of darkness), even for just a moment, the plants will begin to get confused leading to them becoming stressed. Stress in cannabis plants may cause all sorts of problems, not least of which would be it developing into a hermaphrodite, or else it may simply have a lower quality and lesser quantity harvest at the end. The flowering stage usually lasts between 8 -10 weeks, and once completed it is time to cut and harvest your cannabis plants.