The Fundamentals Of Growing Cannabis Seeds
If you are considering growing Marijuana seeds, you need deciding whether you want to plant the Cannabis seeds outdoors or inside using artificial lighting. There is more than one way to grow Marijuana seeds but it certainly can be kept simple and effective.
Although indoor and outdoor growing requires different skills and techniques, both need the Cannabis seeds to be successfully germinated. There are many ways for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could put the seed about a quarter inch to a half inch into the soil, covering it completely. The soil should remain moist but never get truly wet, and should stay at a nice, warm 75-degree temperature. All you have to do after that is wait to see the tiny sprout beginning to appear in 3 to 7 days (which can vary according to the strain and a number of other factors).
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Marijuana seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. Then keep the paper towels or sponge moist after two-three days you should see the seeds sprouting. It is possible for seeds to be ready for planting within 24 hours while others may take up to seven days. Once the seeds have germinated, you should plant it into the soil. It is important that you plant the seeds as soon as it begins cracking open to allow the tap root to take hold. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
Be sure to give your new plants plenty of light once they are planted in the soil. The lights should be only about two inches away from the soil, and should not be moved upwards until the seedling has grown a decent amount. Often marijuana gardeners allow the young seedlings with 24/7 light for maximum growth, while others grow under eighteen or twenty hours per day, believing the young seedling requires a rest period.
The “middle” stage of your marijuana plants life is called the vegetative stage, when it will produce most of its leaves, branches, and height. Its stem will be getting stronger and thicker, and the plant should be producing new leaves at an increasingly fast rate. This vegetative stage is vital for your plant being able to absorb as much sunlight as possible as through photosynthesis the plant uses sunlight to create energy, and therefore will be needed in the flowering stage later using all the energy it has stored up during this stage. A larger plant means more and bigger buds, which can only be achieved with healthy vegetative growth.
Although the majority of the plants growth occurs during the vegetative stages, it still grows while flowering. If you just want a small plant for personal consumption, then around thirty days of vegetative growth should do the trick. Some people even go as short as two to three weeks of vegetative growth and still get everything they need from their plant.
Often Cannabis seeds growers (especially experienced ones) use training techniques to get their plants to grow outwards instead of upwards, this substantially increases the amount of growth without growing too huge for the growing area available.
With indoor marijuana seeds, you are responsible for everything. Selecting the best growing medium, the Ph levels and when to water, the nutrients, and most important, the artificial light all provided by you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, you will need to adjust the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours — in fact, it’s actually the amount of hours of darkness that starts the beginning of the flowering phase.
To activate the flowering phase, which should be done after your plant has had ample amount of time to grow and develop, you will need to expose it to twelve hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, more importantly, 12 hours of continuous darkness. Make sure the darkness is total and does not have even one instant of light, as this may cause the plant to stop entering the flowering stage. During this time it is also important that the Twelve hours of light the marijuana plant does receive should be as strong as possible to maximize the bud sizes.
The main advantage of growing marijuana plants in pots is they can be easily moved around whenever you want to. In this case, before you start triggering the plant to enter the flowering stage you should move it to some sort of enclosed location, such as a cupboard or small room. There, install the artificial lights you have selected so the plants receive 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness perfectly. Many experienced growers use a timer to control the time the lights come on, ensuring the lights turn on and off at the same time every day.
Complete and total darkness is extremely important in the flowering stage. If any light that gets into the enclosure such as opening the door during the darkness hours, even for a second, your plant may begin to get stressed and confused about the seasons. This stress may produce a range of problems, not least of which would be it turning into a hermaphrodite, or else it may simply have a lower quality and lesser quantity harvest as they mature. The flowering phase usually lasts between 56 to 70 days, and it will remain in this phase until mature and ready to harvest.