Basic Facts About Growing Marijuana Seeds
If you are considering growing Marijuana seeds, you need to decide whether you are going to plant the Marijuana seeds outdoors or inside using artificial lighting. There is not one perfect or right way to grow Cannabis seeds with some methods proving more costly than others.
Whether you are growing inside or outdoors, the first thing you will need to do is to germinate the Marijuana seeds that you wish to grow. There are many methods for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the seed directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A glass or plastic bottle turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After a few days the seed should have germinated and sprouted, although certain seeds and strains need a day or two longer.
A favoured way to germinate Marijuana seeds is to soak the seeds inside a few pieces of kitchen or toilet roll paper. You can also use a damp sponge for this. It is important to keep the paper towels or kitchen roll moist, never allowing it to dry out after two-three days you should see the seeds sprouting. They could sprout in as little as 24 hours while others may take up to seven days. After germinating the seeds this way, they will need to be planted into the soil. It is important that you plant the seeds as soon as it starts cracking open to allow the tiny sprout to emerge. Do not allow the soil to dry out during these vital first few days, and keeping it covered with a propagator lid will help retain moisture.
New Cannabis seedlings require as much light as possible once they are planted in the soil. The lights should be as close as possible to the soil, and should be kept about two inches from the tops of the plants to encourage good, strong growth. Often marijuana gardeners give their young seedlings with 24/7 light for maximum growth, while others grow under eighteen or twenty hours per day, believing the young seedling requires a rest period.
Once the seedling has produced roots and developed its first few sets of leaves, growth will happen rapidly as the plant begins to produce leaves and branches. This phase of fast growth is called the vegetative period, and is vital in achieving a good crop The main stem will become stronger and thicker, and the plant should be growing many new leaves at an increasingly fast rate. The vegetative stage is crucial in allowing the plant to get as much sunlight as possible (as the leaves absorb this energy), and therefore will contribute to a healthy flowering stage later needing all the energy it has stored up during this stage. A bigger marijuana plant means a greater quantity of buds, which can only be achieved through good vegetative growth.
Even though most of the plants growth occurs in the vegetative phase, it will stretch while flowering. If you just want a small plant for personal use of marijuana, then just thirty days of vegetative growth would be about right. It is possible to minimize the vegetative phase to as short as two weeks and still achieve a good harvest, this depends on the type of cannabis seeds you planted and the conditions they are grown under.
The more experienced Cannabis growers employ super-cropping techniques to increase growth and promote closer branching, this substantially increases growth without the plant becoming too big for the indoor area available.
With indoor marijuana seeds, you will have to provide for all the plant’s needs. Selecting the best growing medium, how much to water and the Ph levels, which nutrients the plants require, and even the “sun” all provided by you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, you will need to change the number of hours of light that your plant is exposed to — in fact, it’s actually the number of hours of darkness that activates their progression from vegetative to the flowering phase..
The flowering stage starts by reducing the exposure of the marijuana plant to 12 hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, 12 hours of continuous darkness. Make sure the darkness is total and allows no light to penetrate, as this may cause the plant to stop entering the flowering stage. Additionally, the Twelve hours of light the plant receives should be as strong as possible to maximize growth.
The main advantage of growing indoor potted marijuana plants is that you can move them to wherever you want it, whenever you need to. To achieve the plants maximum flowering potential, it must have 12 hours of total darkness, many people move their plants to an enclosed indoor area, such as a closet or cabinet. There, install the artificial lights you have selected so that you are able to expose the plant to its 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness perfectly. Many experienced cannabis growers use a timer to precisely control the time the lights come on, this makes sure the lights turn on and off at the same time every day.
Ensure that the twelve hours of darkness are total and entirely uninterrupted. Should any light get into the enclosure (i.e. if you accidentally open the door during the 12 hours of darkness), even for a second, the plants will start getting stressed and confused about the seasons. Stress in marijuana plants may produce a range of problems, not least of which would be it turning into a hermaphrodite, or you may reduce the buds to a lower quality and lesser quantity yield at the end. The flowering phase usually lasts between eight to ten weeks, and it will remain in this phase until mature and ready to harvest.