Growing Marijuana Seeds
Cannabis seeds can be grown both outdoors and inside. Indoor growing requires specialist lighting and some form of air circulation to be set-up before growing, growing Marijuana or Cannabis outdoors does not require this equipment and is a lot cheaper
Although indoor and outdoor growing requires different skills and techniques, both need the Marijuana seeds to be successfully germinated. There are several ways for germinating Cannabis seeds, you could use the natural outdoor method of planting the seed directly into the soil, about two centimeters deep, cover the seed and keep it warm and watered. A cut plastic bottle or glass jar turned upside down makes a great miniature greenhouse, trapping moisture and warm air. After three-four days the seed should have sprouted, although some strains and seeds need a day or two longer.
One of the more favoured methods for germinating Marijuana seeds is to soak them for a day or two in a cup of water. Once they have swollen and begin to crack open, tip the seeds onto some damp kitchen roll, toilet paper or paper towels. It is important to keep the paper towels or kitchen roll moist, never allowing it to dry out after two-three days you should see the seeds sprouting. They could sprout in as little as 24 hours others might need as long as a week. Once the Cannabis seeds have germinated, they will need to be planted into the soil or container you are housing them in. This should be done as soon as it starts cracking open to allow the tiny sprout to emerge. Do not allow the soil to dry out during these vital first few days, and make sure it is covered on the top.
Be sure to give your new plants as much light as possible once they begin to grow. The lights should be only about two inches away from the soil, and should not be moved upwards until the seedling has grown a decent amount. Many people allow the baby marijuana plants with 24/7 light for maximum growth, while others grow under eighteen or twenty hours per day, believing the young seedling requires a rest period.
After the seedling has produced roots and developed its first few sets of leaves, it will begin to rapidly grow and produce leaves and branches. This phase of fast growth is called the vegetative stage, and is very important in achieving a good crop Its main stem will become thicker and stronger, and the plant should be producing new leaves very quickly, almost daily. The vegetative phase is crucial in allowing the plant to absorb as much sunlight as possible as through photosynthesis the plant uses sunlight to create energy, and this will be needed in the flowering stage later using all the energy it has stored up during this stage. A larger plant creates a greater quantity of buds, which will only be achieved through good vegetative growth.
Although the majority of the marijuana plants growth occurs in the vegetative stages, the plant still grows during flowering. If you just want a small plant for personal consumption, a vegetative phase of around four weeks would be sufficient. It is possible to reduce the vegetative stage to as short as two weeks and still achieve good growth, this depends on which type of cannabis seeds you planted and the conditions they are grown under.
The more experienced Marijuana gardeners use training methods to promote lateral growth instead of vertical, thus maximizing the amount of growth without growing too huge for the indoor area that they have.
With indoor marijuana seeds, you are responsible for everything. Selecting the best growing medium, the water, which nutrients the plants require, and even the “sun” all come from you. Because marijuana plants respond to the amount of light they are receiving, as you move from the vegetative stages into flowering you will need to change the hours of light, increasing the amount of darkness hours it is the increase in the amount of hours of darkness that starts the commencement of the flowering phase.
The flowering stage starts by reducing the exposure of the marijuana plant to twelve hours of “sunlight” (or lamp-light, as it were) and, twelve hours of continuous darkness. During this stage it is important that the darkness is complete and does not have even one instant of light, as this may cause the plant to hermaphrodite or produce rogue male flowers in the later flowering stage. Additionally, the 12 hours of light the cannabis plants gets is as strong as possible to maximize the bud sizes.
The main advantage of growing cannabis plants in pots is that you can move them to wherever you want it, whenever you need to. In this case, before you start triggering the plant to enter the flowering stage you should move it to some sort of enclosed location, such as a closet or small room. If you are going to keep them in there. install the artificial lights you have selected so the plants receive 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness without an interruptions. A lot seasoned cannabis growers use a timer to control the time the lights come on, ensuring the lights turn on and off at the same time every day.
Ensure that the 12 hours of darkness are completely uninterrupted. Should any light get into the growing area (i.e. if you accidentally open the door during the 12 hours of darkness), even for just a moment, your plant may start getting stressed and confused about the seasons. Stress in cannabis plants may produce a range of problems, not least of which would be it developing into a hermaphrodite, or you may reduce the buds to a lower quality and lesser yield as they mature. The flowering stage takes between eight to ten weeks, and it will remain in this phase until the harvesting time has come.